Exploring Gender Inequalities in Work and Employment: Evidence Form Gender Statistics in Georgia
In Georgian Law “On Gender Equality” special emphasis is given to ensuring the equal rights between women and men and improving women's participation in the political, economic and social processes. In social scientific theories and policy gender equality means equal opportunities, rights and responsibilities for women and men. It is a policy providing equal access to resources and economic independence, equal sharing of responsibilities for the family by man and women, participation in decision-making, public life and social activities. Several solid publications were dedicated to explore quantitative aspects of gender equality problems in Georgia. National Statistics Office of Georgia produces special statistical publication “Woman and Man in Georgia”. The statistical data reflects the key trends of gender equality established in the country in 2010-2012.
As statistical evidence suggested gender inequalities in employment, education and income distributions still prevails in Georgia. According the statistical data the status of men as heads of households remains unchanged. The number of man-headed households is approximately twice as high as womanheaded households. In 2012 the share of the employed constituted 47.4 percent among women and 52.6 percent among men. In the total number of unemployed population the highest share falls on the population of 25-34 years. The highest activity rate among women was observed in the age group of 45-54 (80.0 percent). The highest rate of employment falls on the same age group (70.8 percent), and the lowest rate – on the age group of 15-24 (18.3 percent). Unemployment rate is the highest among the women of 15-24 (36.2 percent). Employed population are persons with secondary education. 38.7 percent of employed women and 40.9 percent of employed men have secondary education. The population with higher education is a large share among unemployed - 47.0 percent of unemployed women and 33.9 percent of unemployed men had higher education.