Co-Work in(g) Progress. A New Approach to the Job in the Third Millennium

Sunday, June 26, 2016: 10:45 AM-12:15 PM
134 Dwinelle (Dwinelle Hall)
Elisa Badiali, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The research analyzes the "associate" self-employment as a possible response to the consequences of the economic and social crisis.

The analysis is carried out relying on the arguments of those who, within the scientific debate, are reading this crisis as an opportunity to develop a new idea and a new concept of development.

In particular, it is considered the Share Economy as a proposal of a new social-economic model to able to meet the challenges of the crisis and to promote forms of production and consumption more aware and responsible based on reuse instead of purchasing and access rather than ownership.

In this theoretical frame, the study focuses on the investigation of phenomena emerging in Italy, grouped under the practices of the economy of sharing and of collaboration.

In particular, the cases of study of the research on field are some space of work called Co-working and Fab Lab.

These experiences, of workers "associated" in fluid form of self-employed of third-generation (as freelance, temporary workers, employees in force transformed into autonomous), protagonists of new forms of self-employment (particularly youth), are then analyzed in the research, identifying their different features and possible Ideal-types, with the purpose to understand both the scope of social innovation that they potentially can express, that the ability to help to grow new forms of mutual help for self-employed.

These new forms of "new entrepreneurship", moreover, seem to summarize itself features such as: responding in new ways to new needs of young people; give an answers to the requests of European Union on the stated guidelines on policies for the labor market in order to respond to the growing instability of employment; put again at the center of the economic debate to concepts such as social capital, networking, sustainability, participation, sharing, etc.

Starting from the theories on entrepreneurship and innovation, the study deepens, then, the question of the choosing the corporate legal form. Specifically, analyzes the cooperative model, through the promotion of its values and its principles, as the most consistent with the need to put at the center of a new idea of sustainable development and well-being of individuals and society.

In the conclusions, the study comes to wonder if these new forms could be possible answers to the precariousness and to alarming unemployment rate among young people and the transformations of the market and society.