Institutional Change and Human Rights: What Economics for the Right to Work?
Second we will discuss potential alternative views in order to construct a human rights based political economy, that is a conceptual framework for socioeconomic analysis that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting them. In achieving the right to work this economics must avoid two major misconceptions found in mainstream economics’ discourse about employment. First, promoting the right to work is not a synonym for fighting against the unemployment rate. Second, promoting the right to work is about work as much as it is about people. Individuals are not mere resources holding productive specifications but citizens holding rights. Finally, employment policies proceeding from several economic theories will be examined in the light of the principles of a human rights based political economy. This examination will show that most of these theories seem to face a dead end and that the right to work is most likely to be secured through a politically embedded economics.