Do Majoritarian Electoral Systems Lead to Lower Social Spending? the Effect of Recipients' Geographic Concentration
We test this argument by analyzing the provision of paradigmatic national policies, namely unemployment and old age benefits. Our results show that the geographic concentration of recipients is a relevant factor to account for variation in levels of policy provision across electoral systems. When a social group is concentrated in certain regions, majoritarian systems increase the provision of the related social policy. In fact, when concentration is high, the total levels of unemployment and old age benefits are higher than in PR countries, reverting the standard predictions in the literature.