European Welfare Government Between Semantic of Crisis and Inequalities
Welfare is classically envisioned as an antisystemic instrument, so to maintain the level of social demands in a period of economic crisis (Keynes v Beveridge). With this solving instrument, the bearing of debt can be postponed on the later years (European programme 2020). The political economy of austerity changes this vision of welfare. A new semantic of public finance and private management focus on management of financial flux, on the economic performance (competitivity). The financial system governs a framework of incitatives (incitatives to work).
So can be specified how the semantic of crisis modifies not only the amount of welfare state intervention but also the style of intervention. Work monitoring implemented by new labour has been complemented by financial monitoring inside austerity policies (Newman 2005). The welfare system is reshaped by these different policies (framework of incitatives, monitoring). The evaluation of these policy changes can be envisioned on housing policies, on work policies (France, UK), as incitative policies in comparison with classic redistributive politics : minimum wages and retirement policies (France, UK ) . The North / South Europe divide between export and Welfare competitiveness is combined with endogeneous modification on the conception and procedures of Welfare state (France, UK /DK, Greece).