The Renaissance of National Corporatism : Unintended Side-Effect of European Economic and Monetary Union or Calculated Response to the Absence of European Social Policy?
The primary "growth potential" for contemporary macro-corporatists at the national level lies in the feverish efforts of their governments and associations to adapt to EU directives, product and professional standards, verdicts of the ECJ and the convergence criteria for EMU. Trade unions may not be as directly involved in this process as they were in the past, but they have a great deal at stake. Given the failure of the EU to agree upon any significant elements of social citizenship to compensate for the impact of its extensive economic and monetary freedoms, organised workers in several member countries seem to have opted for a greater reliance on national institutions of tripartite negotiation and macro-economic pacting. European norms and competitive pressures had a strong indirect impact on the resurgence of this phenomenon which, in turn, will have many implications for the future of the European Union.