The Italian Variety of Capitalism and Its Constraints on Regional Development
This paper focuses on institutional factors that triggered territorial disparities, bringing together the literature on varieties of capitalism with the debate on regional development.
Adopting a qualitative and quantitative methodological approach, the paper highlights the national and regional institutional factors that have framed a dysfunctional institutional environment for regional development processes.
In particular, the paper will explain how this institutional architecture created three major weaknesses: a) the constraints for the national and regional innovation systems, b) the decline of firms’ productivity and c) the lack of local collective competition goods for regional development.
The aim is to show how these three major weaknesses hindered regional development and promoted the rise of territorial disparities.