The Italian Variety of Capitalism and Its Constraints on Regional Development

Thursday, 2 July 2015: 8:30 AM-10:00 AM
TW2.1.02 (Tower Two)
Alberto Gherardini, UniversitÓ di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
Since the second half of the 90s, Italy has slowed its pace of growth and Italian firms have reduced their innovation capabilities. In addition, the gap between the most dynamic regions (North-Centre Italy) and the more backward regions (Southern Italy) has further broadened.

This paper focuses on institutional factors that triggered territorial disparities, bringing together the literature on varieties of capitalism with the debate on regional development.

Adopting a qualitative and quantitative methodological approach, the paper highlights the national and regional institutional factors that have framed a dysfunctional institutional environment for regional development processes.

In particular, the paper will explain how this institutional architecture created three major weaknesses: a) the constraints for the national and regional innovation systems, b) the decline of firms’ productivity and c) the lack of local collective competition goods for regional development.

The aim is to show how these three major weaknesses hindered regional development and promoted the rise of territorial disparities.