State Capacities, Elites and Patterns of Development in Latin America
Contrasting with approaches that relate performance either to populist or to a typical social democratic model of development, we want to highlight nuances in terms of continuity and stability in the recent trajectory of these countries, in particular, the transition from a neoliberal to a state-led scenario. In addition, we address the notion of state capacities understood as the ability to define and pursue objectives and to attain inter bureaucratic coordination as essential in a developmental agenda. Such agenda should include macro-economic stability, promotion of long term investments and the maintenance of social inclusion as a strategy of market expansion.
The countries selected in the study represent different arrangements in terms of the dimensions proposed above. The comparison calls attention to differences in an overall pattern of capitalist development derived from the ways in which strategic actors face and resolve problems of coordination under similar critical conjunctures. This analytical perspective also specifies the interactions between internal and external processes in the configuration of national productive regimes.