Expansion of Cattle Ranching in Mato Grosso State, Brazilian Amazon: From Land Availability to Emerging Technologies

Friday, June 24, 2016: 10:45 AM-12:15 PM
402 Barrows (Barrows Hall)
Miguelangelo Dorneles Gianezini, UNESC, Crici˙ma, SC, Brazil
Clandio Favarini Ruviaro, UFGD, Dourados, Brazil
Tamara Esteves Oliveira, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil
The state of Mato Grosso is part of Brazilian Legal Amazon and is one of the new frontiers in world farming facing the global demand for food. It is also one of the most important regions that has contributed to increase the size of Brazilian cattle herds. However, better understanding of the factors driving this expansion in area and the quantity produced is needed to support public policies and domestic production planning. Consequently, the aim of this paper is to analyze and describe the historical drivers of beef cattle expansion in the state of Mato Grosso, considering the beef supply chain and state economy. Key findings included indications that this expansion was based on the availability of arable land and lower land prices but mainly resulted from the use of technologies allowing increased efficiency and competitiveness in livestock in Mato Grosso.